Retired life begins with liquidation of retirement benefits such as your Provident Fund, Gratuity, Superannuation fund, leave encashment etc.
These benefits, built over decades of disciplined savings, will be transferred into your bank account to help you enjoy the retired life without any financial worries. However, ignoring your tax liability on these benefits can lead to numerous legal and financial complications. Hence, read ahead for an overview of the tax rules applicable to the common retirement benefits.
At the time of retirement, your Provident fund account will consist of your contributions, the contributions of all your employers, and the interest credited over the years. This entire corpus is tax free provided the following conditions are fulfilled:
So, if you remain in service for at least five years for one or different employers and have any PF account other than an unrecognized one, then the entire PF account corpus will be exempt from tax when it is credited after your retirement.
To get an idea of the impact of the 2016 budget on tax benefits offered on Provident Fund withdrawals, check out How budget 2016 has affected your take home salary.
Gratuity, for tax exemption purposes, is calculated as a proportion of your monthly salary multiplied by the total years of completed service. If you are covered under the Payment of Gratuity Act, then the last drawn salary is used for the calculation. If not covered, then the average salary based on the last ten months of service will be considered. The maximum amount exempt from tax is Rs. 10 lakhs.
If thebasic component of your monthly salary is Rs. 20,000 and your total years of service is 25 years, then the amount of gratuity exempt from tax will be calculated as below.
Salary for 15 out of 26 working days
Rs. 11,540 approx
Total years of completed service
Amount exempt from tax
Any superannuation or pension policy obtained directly or through the employer will mature at the time of your retirement. The maturity amount is normally paid in the form of a partial lump sum payment with the balance invested in annuities for generating a fixed monthly or periodic income.
So, if the maturity amount is Rs. 1 crore, then you may get around Rs. 30-40 lakhs as a lump sum payment with the balance amount used to generate a fixed monthly income till your death. The lump sum payment is called the commuted pension. The amount invested in annuities is your uncommuted pension.
1/3rd of the commuted pension is exempt for those who have received gratuity from their employers. For others, the exemption limit is 50%.Income from the uncommuted pension will be taxable at applicable rates.
New Pension Scheme account holders can claim exemption on entire amount provided it is entirely used to purchase an annuity for generating a fixed income.
Employers permit retiring employees to encash a fixed number of available paid leaves andholidays(Includes public as well as organization-specific holidays).The exemption amount will be either Rs. 3 lakhs or 10 months of leave encashment whichever is lower.
So, if you have five months leave available at the time of retirement and the ten months’ average of your salary is Rs. 50,000, then you can claim the lower of Rs. 2.5 lakhs (Rs. 50,000 x 5 months) or Rs. 3 lakhs i.e. Rs. 2.5 lakhs as exempt from tax.
Being aware of the taxability of your retirement benefits will ensure you can maximize savings and minimize legal and financial complications when beginning your retired life.
"An investment in knowledge pays the best interest"- Benjamin Franklin -
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