- Date : 25/07/2016
- Read: 4 mins
- Read in हिंदी: 8 वित्तीय आदतें जो गैरकानूनी हैं
When it comes to money and financial matters, it’s usually better not to take a shortcut.
Given how important money is to our lives, governments across the world have always cast a thick web of regulations around money in order to maintain order. However, certain money habits, which are otherwise harmless, can qualify as being illegal in our country and can land you straight in jail.
So how many of these habits do you have?
When you’re growing up, it can be fun to try and copy your parents’ signatures, and maybe even sign a teacher’s note on ‘behalf’ of your parents. However, a couple of years down the line, if anyone forges someone else’s signature to withdraw cash or pay for a new purchase of any sort, it can be grounds for imprisonment as it as an offence under the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
#2: Loan forms
In fear of getting the loan application rejected, or to increase the sanctioned amount, people misrepresent the details and even furnish forged copies of payslips etc. In case this lack of full disclosure is discovered, not only is it a breach of contract that will get your loan rejected, your bank can also enforce its rights in a court of law, if need be.
#3: Insurance proposal
An insurance contract is based on utmost good faith. Many people do not correctly disclose the details of pre-existing illness/medical history in the application form to ensure that policy is accepted by the insurer at no extra premium. This qualifies as a breach of insurance contract and can also lead to claim rejection in your time of need.
#4: Insurance claim
Inflating the amount of damages incurred to you, just to claim a higher reimbursement from the insurer, is an illegal practice. Apart from the risk that the insurer can cancel your insurance policy and not give you the pay-out, the insurer can also take action against the policyholder in a court of law.
#5: Credit card usage
Sometimes people use a family member’s or a friend’s card for shopping or withdrawing money from the ATM. Though it sometimes goes through without a hitch, strictly speaking, it is not allowed. As per banking rules and to ensure security, a card must not be used by any person other than its owner.
#6: Cheque issue
A seemingly harmless habit, many people issue cheques either unknowingly or fully aware of the fact that the bank account does not have sufficient funds. This can invite extreme penalties under the Negotiable Instruments Act and the Indian Penal Code, and may even lead to imprisonment.
#7: Tax returns
Many people try to fool the taxman by claiming wrong deductions, faking documents and suppressing income in their tax return, but one scrutiny notice from the tax office is all it takes to make them liable for penalty and prosecution under the Income Tax Act.
#8: Mishandling of currency
Defacing/mishandling of currency is an offence. From time to time, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been educating general public on its “Clean Note Policy” which includes not stapling, writing, putting rubber stamp or using notes for making garlands/toys etc. One should remember these rules in day to day life.
A slew of laws and regulations means one has to be very careful dealing with money and financial matters. It is better to not take a short cut, find oneself violating the law, and then face the consequences.