- Date : 08/05/2023
- Read: 3 mins
Maximise your retirement savings with Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF). Learn about benefits, tax implications, and investment strategies for a secure financial future.
- The voluntary Provident Fund (VPF) can enhance your retirement savings beyond the mandatory EPF contributions.
- Understanding the tax implications of VPF contributions is crucial before increasing your contributions.
- Investing in equity is essential to create a substantial retirement corpus in addition to provident funds.
- Maintaining a balanced investment portfolio with appropriate asset allocation is crucial for a financially secure retirement.
Retirement planning is crucial to ensure financial stability in the future. While contributing to the Employee Provident Fund (EPF) is a common way to save for retirement, you can further enhance your retirement savings through the Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF). In this article, we will discuss the benefits of VPF and how to maximise your retirement savings with it.
Understanding the Tax Implications of VPF Contributions
Before increasing your VPF contributions, it is crucial to understand the EPF rules and tax implications of your VPF contributions. Currently, salaried employees are required to contribute a mandatory 12% of their salary to the EPF account, and the employer matches this. You can contribute more to your VPF account beyond this 12% limit. However, if your EPF (+VPF) contribution in a financial year exceeds Rs. 2.5 lakh, the interest earned on the additional amount above Rs. 2.5 lakh will be taxable as per your income tax slab.
When to Increase Your VPF Contributions
For annual EPF contributions less than Rs. 2.5 lakh, you can start contributing to VPF to reach the Rs. 2.5 lakh limit. Once you have exhausted your tax-free Rs. 2.5 lakh limit for EPF and VPF, you can utilise the Rs. 1.5 lakh limit of the tax-free PPF, at 7.1%. However, if you still need to invest more in debt, particularly in PF, you can increase your VPF contributions. But remember that the interest on extra donations is above Rs. 2.5 lakh will be taxed as per your tax slab.
Investing in VPF and PPF Is Not Enough.
While provident funds like EPF, VPF, and PPF can provide a solid foundation for your retirement savings, you should not rely solely on these for your future financial security. You also need to invest in equity to create a substantial retirement corpus. You can choose the appropriate equity allocation for your retirement portfolio depending on your age, risk appetite, and financial goals.
Maintaining a Balanced Investment Portfolio
If you plan to retire in 15-20 years, you should aim for a balanced investment portfolio with a 50:50 equity-debt asset allocation. If your EPF contributions account for 50% of your retirement savings, you do not need to invest in VPF or PPF. However, if your EPF contributions do not meet the 50% debt allocation target, you should invest in VPF (and then PPF) up to an amount that helps you maintain your desired asset allocation.
VPF is an excellent option to maximise your retirement savings, but it is essential to understand the tax implications and use it effectively to balance your investment portfolio. By taking a holistic approach to retirement planning and making informed investment decisions, you can ensure a financially stable and secure future.