How to invest in nifty 50 in 2022: All you need to know

Nifty 50 is an index investing in the top 50 companies in the market. Read on to find out what it’s all about.

All you need to know about Nifty 50

Introduced by the National Stock Exchange (NSE) in 1992, the Nifty 50 is an index containing the top 50 stocks from the 50 largest Indian companies trading in the stock market. It comprises the top-performing companies in different sectors of the economy and has been trading since April 1996. The index is owned and managed by India Index Services and Products Ltd. (IISL). Now that you know what is Nifty 50, understand how it works in detail below.

How are stocks picked for the Nifty 50 index?

The index is created with the top 50 stocks in terms of trading volume and price. For a stock to be a part of the Nifty 50 index, the following eligibility parameters are a must:

  • The stock should be listed on the NSE, both in the spot market and in the derivatives market (futures and options).
  • The stock should be highly liquid, meaning it should be easy to trade on the market.
  • The company must have a trading frequency of 100% in the last six months.
  • The company’s shares should have differential voting rights.

Also Read: 25 Stock Market Terms For Beginners

How does the index work?

Stocks that fulfil the aforementioned criteria and trading in the top 50 positions are picked to create the index. The weightage of each stock is done as per its market capitalisation. Companies with higher market capitalisation are given higher weightage.

Once the index is created, it gives you a ready-made portfolio of the top stocks to invest in. Moreover, the index is regularly reviewed and rebalanced to ensure the stock weightage. If any stock loses the top 50 position due to delisting or a fall in the market capitalisation, the stock is replaced with another stock that moves into the top 50 ranking.

Thereafter, depending on the value of the underlying stocks, the value of Nifty 50 changes. If the values rise, the value of the overall index rises; and if the market enters a volatile phase, the index value might fall.

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How to invest in Nifty 50?

Nifty 50 investing can be done in either of these two ways:

  1. Invest directly in the stocks held in the index and in the same proportion.
  2. Invest in an index mutual fund whose benchmark is the Nifty 50 index. This would help you invest in a ready-made portfolio managed by experts.

What are the benefits of Nifty 50 investing?

The Nifty 50 index is popular among investors because of the following reasons:

  • Good return potential
  • Investment into trusted and leading companies
  • Lower volatility since blue chip companies have the resilience to weather short-term volatility and bounce back from a bear market
  • Tax benefits on long-term investments
  • If you choose index funds, you can invest through affordable SIPs and don’t have to rebalance your portfolio with changing market dynamics.

Nifty 50 stocks weightage 2022 as of 21/10/2022

Nifty 50 stocks weightage 2022Nifty 50 stocks weightage 2022Nifty 50 stocks weightage 2022Nifty 50 stocks weightage 2022Nifty 50 stocks weightage 2022

So, understand what Nifty 50 is all about and then invest in it to get exposure to the leading companies on the stock exchange.


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